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                  Although Qi (the flow of vital energy pronounced"Chee") or Chi is everywhere in the body, it does has main pathways along which it flows, nourishing and warming the organs and body parts, and harmonizing their activities. These channels are called the meridian system ("Jing-Luo" in Chinese).
The acupuncture points are sited along these channels, and the herbs that a practitioner of the Chinese medicine prescribes enter one or more of the meridian pathways. The meridians can be manipulated by pressure (acupressure) or the insertion of fine needles (acupuncture) to treat disease and improve health.



The 14 Meridian Channels
TCM Terminologies
Yin and Yang
Five Elements
Qi (Chee)
Blood
Body Fluid
Qi, Blood & Body Fluid

There are 14 main Meridians, and these correspond to the 14 main organs in the body, such as the Liver, Heart, Stomach, Kidneys, Spleen, and so on. These Meridians are bilateral - there is an identical pair on each side of the body. Some are more Yin meridians, with functions more to do with storing the vital essences of the body. There are the Kidneys, Liver, Spleen, Heart, Lungs, and Pericardium. The other six are more Yang Meridians, with function more to do with transportation of fluids and flood. These are the Bladder, Gallbladder, Stomach, Small Intestine, Large Intestine, and the Triple Warmer (a mechanism which regulates the overall body temperature and the Upper, Middle and Lower parts of the body). There are also tow extra meridians. One of which runs up the front center line of the body - Conception Vessel, and one of which runs up the spine - the Governor Vessel.

For instance, the Liver Meridian runs from the big toe, up the inside of the leg, through the genitals, and then deep into the Liver organ itself. There can be problems along the course of the meridian, and there is also a sphere of influence which each organ has within the body. The Liver controls the free flow of Qi generally in the body, including the evenness of emotions, digestion, and menstruation. It also store the blood, rules circulation in the tendons, has the major influence on the eyes, and manifests in the nails. It is therefore possible to see how diseases in these areas of the body may be treated via the Liver Meridian.

In illness, different meridians exhibit different tendencies of disharmony - for instance, the Spleen has a tendency to deficiency causing Damp. This creates symptoms such as diarrhea or lassitude (tiredness). The Liver; on the other hand, has tendency toward rising Yang, creating red sore eyes, migraines, and high blood pressure.

 
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